Business Discussion


There are 4 Responses. Read each one, and write a 100 page response.

Response 1) Michael

Collective bargaining involves a group of employees negotiating as a unit with management for improvements in working conditions, compensation, and benefits (Noe et al., 2021). Collective bargaining is one approach to a labor relations system. Ideally, an employer’s management team would make the working conditions and compensation plans good and maintain effective, open communication with employees. Unfortunately, many employers do not ensure favorable working conditions due to competitive pressures, and individual employees have very little leverage. Labor unions give employees a collective voice to communicate with management and make their concerns known.

The basic foundations of collective bargaining are environmental context, participants, rules, and ideology (Noe et al., 2021). Each of the participants, employees, union, management, and owners must work towards optimizing the firm’s competitive success. Working towards the same goals ensures a continuation of the company, jobs for the employees, and returns for the investors. Ultimately, it is best for society if the labor unions work to resolve conflict in the least costly manner.

An exciting study in the health care industry is the ethical considerations for physician unions (American Medical Association, 2020). Physicians may struggle with the conflict between going on strike and fulfilling their duty to care for patients. However, there are other ways to leverage their requests besides a strike. They can cancel non-urgent elective cases and refuse to document some aspects of the medical record, preventing the hospital from billing and receiving revenue.

American Medical Association. (2020). Case and commentary: What should physicians consider prior to unionizing? AMA Journal of Ethics, 22(3), E193-200.

Noe, R., Hollenbeck, J., Gerhart, B., & Wright, P. (2021). Human Resource Management (12th ed.). McGraw-Hill Education.

Response 2.) Kimberly

Collective bargaining is the negotiation of wages and other conditions of employment by an organized body of employees. It is perhaps one of the best laws that were passed to ensure fair employees were secure in what they were attempting to achieve at their workplaces. “Perhaps the most dramatic example of labor laws’ influence is the 1935 passage of the Wagner Act (also known as the National Labor Relations Act or NLRA), which actively supported collective bargaining rather than impeding it” (Noe et al.2021.p.631).

The role of collective bargaining is to give employees greater negotiating power against the employer. It is then generally targetting several key areas such as wages, benefits, pensions, workers’ rights, working conditions, and protecting workers’ jobs. The passage of the above act helped many unionize and become more vocal and active within the organizations to ask and demand what should already be given at the workplace. Collective bargaining allows the parties to tailor a collective agreement governing the employment relationship to their particular industry or enterprise. It also allows parties to solve problems that may be specific to their industry or workplace.


Noe, R., Hollenbeck, J., Gerhart, B., & Wright, P. (2021). Human Resource Management (12th ed.). McGraw-Hill Education.

Response 3.) Jayne

Noe et al., 2021 noted that while most entrepreneurs began their business locally, there are four global participation levels. The domestic or local Level is the beginning of the different levels of participation. As the company expands beyond its domestic country, three additional levels are introduced—international, multinational, and global. ( pp. 689-692)

Domestic Level – is the beginning start-up of a company with the geographic location in their domestic country.

International Level – When the domestic market becomes crowded, some companies seek markets outside their present market. Organizations entering the international market build structures in one country only.

Multinational Level – unlike the international Level, the multination Level is applied when a company builds facilities in several countries.

Global Level – the global level status occurs when a company attempts to offer a variety of products to meet the people’s needs in that market area in several countries.


Noe, R., Hollenbeck, J., Gerhart, B., & Wright, P. (2021). Human Resource Management: Gaining a Competitive Advantage (12th ed.). McGraw-Hill Education. ISBN: 978-1- 260-26257-5

Response 4.) Bryana

Due to globalization, Job seekers and professionals have more chance or opportunities to work across the world. This is because of the fact that they have better access in getting a job of their interests and capabilities almost similar employment terms and conditions in a different countries. Non union companies have some fixed policies to be applied to employees. Employees get many benefits related to financial terms with the help of inhouse supported finance options. Global technologies and practices are getting popular in almost in each sector and every types of organizations. The employees have more chances to manage their work life balance.

The four levels of global participation and HRM issues faced within each level are as follow:-
A. Domestic:- global participation of their local functioning cover all that value requirements in their same projects and plans that are part of every security project. They could use their domestic functioning and programming in the same process and design that they used in all local terms to push their projects.
B. International:- international participation and secure functioning by all effective projects work on better processing and targeting to cover the cost benefits from their all value projects. International markets require better processing and community service to deliver their goals in the marketplace.
C. Multinational:- multinational market quality and performance designed fix with the community suggestion that helps to secure their position in the marketplace. They could use it by the same approach that helps in local and regional markets. The multinational market covers the good approach and programs management in sustainable development.
D. Global business:- global business and their programs work to attend all the functions and projects that allow local and values marketing strategy for their security projects. All that regional markets and local authorities work to stop their projects and control designs. The global marketplace allows all progressing strategies and command plans to boost their local community and marketing.


Noe, R., Hollenbeck, J., Gerhart, B., & Wright, P. (2021). Human Resource Management (12th ed.). McGraw Hill Education.