Every day I was abused by my husband and his family. Mentally and physically; Then one day it became unbearable, so I ran away.” In 2010 a young Afghan woman had her nose and ears cut off. Aesha Mohammadzai first appeared on the cover of time magazine in 2010 and shared her story on how […]

This story begins with a flash back. Since the starting, by the novel style, clarifies that critical occasions occurred in the protagonistr’s past; which is presently causing issues down the road for him. The writer utilizes some quotes in the piece to portend and indication to the peruser about what might come later. The book, […]

“We the peoples of the United Nations determined to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war…” The war against Afghanistan is illegal. The US, assisted by Canada and Britain is bombing Afghanistan and will perhaps use additional force with ground troops for the stated purpose of capturing or killing Osama bin Laden and others […]

Social media and disinformation in war propaganda: How Afghan government and the Taliban use Twitter This study aims to examine disinformation and propaganda in war in the age of information particularly through social media. The paper analysed Twitter’s posts of Afghan government and the Taliban from JanMar 2018. For understanding disinformation, 952 tweets were crosschecked […]

Migration in Afghanistan: 1. Introduction Afghanistan is home to the largest refugee crises experienced since the inception of the UNHCR. Decades of war have led millions to flee their homes and seek refuge in the neighboring countries of Pakistan and Iran, and for those who were able, further abroad. The number of refugees spiked in […]

CHAPTER – I INTRODUCTION “A host of wandering Talib-ul-ilums, who correspond with the theological students in Turkey and live free at the expense of the people…….” – Winston Churchill, 1898[1] 1. The present ongoing conflict in Pakistan’s tribal belt and in Afghanistan has serious security implications for India. The Mehsuds, Wazirs and Afridis were the […]

DURAND LINE AND PAKHTOON DIVIDE AS THE CAUSE OF INSTABILITY IN AFGAN PAK REGION CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Durand Line[i], the notorious frontier between Afghanistan and Pakistan. Some people blame this frontier for all of Afghanistan’s current problems. And there are those who go so far as to blame it for the problems in Pakistan. Indeed, […]

Cross Border Terrorism Sponsored by Pak Army and Suggested Indian response CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION “Terrorism is the price of empire. If you do not wish to pay the price, you must give up the empire.” PAT BUCHANAN, Where the Right Went Wrong 1. Six decades after its independence Pakistan continues to search for a durable […]

In the light of Afghanistanr’s turbulent history and its effect on its people, the historical information included into the novel could be viewed to symbolize Afghanistanr’s rape of culture and id. As a final result of the Soviet invasion, Kabul becomes a city of strategies and suspicions, You couldn’t trust any one in Kabul any […]

Chapter-1 PAK – AFGHAN RELATIONS: POST -9/11ERA INTRODUCTION Pakistan and Afghanistan are neighbors with interlinked destiny that not only share geographic contiguity, but also have lot of other commonalities like; faith, history & heritage, ethnic groupings, socio-cultural values, mutual economic interests and geo-strategic dependence etc. Pakistan’s seaports for land locked Afghanistan and Afghanistan’s location at […]

Matter 1: The reduction of civilian casualties in War on Terror in Afghanistan For the War on Terror to be thriving in Afghanistan, all get-togethers that engage in a important job in crushing the Taliban insurgency want to admit that they have to acquire the hearts and minds of the area inhabitants. The troopers, sailors, […]