Civilization is the process by which a society or place reaches an advanced stage of social and cultural development along with the organization. When we speak about ancient civilizations, we refer to large groups of people not only living in the cities but having an organized form of government and a high level of culture, […]

HISTORY 1111 World Civilization Name: __________________________Date: __________________ Score: _______ 1 The most important ingredient in the making of a distinct European civilization was the (A) political legacy of Rome (B) philosopical legacy of Greece (C) synthesizing power of Christianity (D) traditions of the Germanic tribes 2 St. Paul used the term ekklesia to refer to […]

Church and State in Italy during the middle ages! Church has always played a major part in Italian History. As Europe gradually emerged from the destruction of the Roman Empire, the church became one of the mainstays of civilisation. The disorganisation of the Holy Roman Empire, its ongoing dispute with the papacy over the extent […]

Since the beginning of time, human beings have come across lightning, floods and the inevitable, death. Ancient humans, being as primitive as they were, could not come with rational explanations for these events. They created religion to explain the unexplainable. It started out with gods for lighting, then transitioned to more moral gods, like Zeus […]

 The First Crusade was during a transitional time in Western Europe. It was during a period where religion was an important construct for many people, but it was also during a time where people were starting to seek knowledge with the establishment of the first universities. In contrast, the Fourth and Fifth crusades were during […]

By 1080, Europeans had heard of the losses of cities and mass executions of pilgrims that caused fear and anger.  It was now hard to ignore the creeping threat quickly approaching from Spain and Byzantium.   It took Pope Urban almost a year to gather men and soldiers to join him in the Crusade.   It was […]

As the Richter Scale measures earthquakes, the so-called ‘Foster Scale’ tries to quantify disasters. Conceived by Canadian geographer Harold D. Foster, it ranks calamities by tallying death tolls, physical damage, and emotional stress. According to Foster’s calculations, World War II (somewhat expectedly) tops the list of human disasters, but is closely followed by the Black […]

Historic Rome was the most impressive empire of the entire world for several generations, like the fall of every other civilizations, the slide of Rome also took location. At its key, the Roman Empire stretched from the Atlantic Ocean all the way to the Center East, with this size it was hard to handle. The […]