In the late 1700s, France became engulfed in an era of social and political degradation, and the empire began to weaken and crumble. However, the French empire made its way towards restoration due to the leadership of Napoleon Bonaparte, a French military leader and the first emperor of France in the early 19th century. Considering […]

Introduction Bible does not offer much information regarding Mary the mother of Jesus. Perhaps this is because Scripture centres around the person, of Jesus Christ, the Son of God. Yet if we look closer to the Scriptures, they unravel a connection between the Old Covenant from the Old Testament and the New Covenant from the […]

1. QUESTION 1 The Principle of Sacramentality can best be defined if the words encompassing it are first described. The phrase sacramentality originated from a Latin word ‘Sacramentum’, which is a direct translation of the Greek word ‘mysterion’, which in English means mystery. The Principle of Sacramentality is, therefore, an instrument of reality that signifies […]

Introduction Religion can be defined as human beliefs towards a particular Supreme Being or deity. Religion guides people’s way of life and their interaction with other living things. Many people in the world owe their creation to gods, but there is a fraction of human beings in the world who do not believe in the […]

Introduction Human beings have been curious for long about the purpose and meaning of life. Religions have tried to bring this curiosity to an end by providing them with an answer about a higher and powerful source, identifying this greater domination as God. Some religions believe in the existence of one God. These faiths are […]

INTRODUCTION According to the Catholic Church the principle of sacramentality is as, God himself gave us the son who is God and He was born as a human being. God himself became human through his son, was born by the blessed Mary and was raised up as a man on the earth. In this way […]

This study will investigate whether, and in what ways secularisation is occurring in contemporary Ireland. Theories of secularisation, and arguments against the process, abound, and this is a hotly debated topic. How, and in what ways might secularisation be said to be taking place within a given society? This study will attempt to make a […]

Here is the question… Since Vatican 2 the sacraments of Marriage and Holy Orders have been understood as ‘sacraments’ of Christian ministry’. How is this understanding of these two sacraments reflected in the church’s contemporary theology of Marriage and Holy Orders? Several individuals have been concerned with the understanding of the sacraments of holy matrimony […]

HISTORY 1111 World Civilization Name: __________________________Date: __________________ Score: _______ 1 The most important ingredient in the making of a distinct European civilization was the (A) political legacy of Rome (B) philosopical legacy of Greece (C) synthesizing power of Christianity (D) traditions of the Germanic tribes 2 St. Paul used the term ekklesia to refer to […]

What was the significance of the Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648) for the relations between States? To what extent is Modern diplomacy Renaissance diplomacy in disguise? The conflicts known as the Thirty Years’ War fundamentally altered the balance of power in Europe. Indeed, it could certainly be argued that modern diplomacy is ‘Renaissance diplomacy in disguise’, […]

Saint Francis of Assisi Throughout the history of the Catholic Church, there have been only a few people fortunate and deserving enough of the title of “saint”. Originally named Giovanni Francesco Bernardone, St. Francis of Assisi is honored as the patron saint of animals and ecology. He lived a life of complete obedience, humility, and […]

Church and State in Italy during the middle ages! Church has always played a major part in Italian History. As Europe gradually emerged from the destruction of the Roman Empire, the church became one of the mainstays of civilisation. The disorganisation of the Holy Roman Empire, its ongoing dispute with the papacy over the extent […]

My Spiritual Autobiography I am the only child of older parents. I was born in Plantation Florida. My mother was forty-one years old when I was born, and my father was sixty-one years old. My mother is third generation American also being born in South Florida, where she attended public and Catholic schools. Her ancestry […]

Brittany Maynard found out she was dying when she was twenty-nine years old. Newly married and full of life, Maynard learned that she had terminal brain cancer in January of 2014. In April, after multiple unsuccessful surgeries, she was given six months to live. She considered dying in hospice care, but balked at the image […]

Since the beginning of time, human beings have come across lightning, floods and the inevitable, death. Ancient humans, being as primitive as they were, could not come with rational explanations for these events. They created religion to explain the unexplainable. It started out with gods for lighting, then transitioned to more moral gods, like Zeus […]

Humanity, Perfectly Flawed Beings. We, humans, are ignorantly foolish creatures. In the ending of Some Like It Hot, Osgood says, Well, nobody’s perfect! (Philip). Just like Osgood does with Jerry, we constantly try to prove to ourselves and others that we are merely flawed and that we are ultimately good, Yet time and time again […]

Eamon Duffy’s Fires of Faith depicts the state of the English church during the reign of Mary Tudor, lasting from 1553-1558. Mary’s reign remains one of the most controversial aspects in Church history. This book aims at responding to the predominant issue of the competence of the Marian regime while commenting on misconceptions. With Fires […]

A report released by the Pennsylvania Supreme Court revealed that over one thousand children were identifiable victims of sexual abuse by over 300 predator priests in only 6 of the Catholic Church dioceses of Pennsylvania (40th Statewide Investigating.A similar sex abuse scandal rocked the Church in Boston in 2002 when over 130 people came forward […]

The Renaissance was a time of innovation and renewal, which brought brand new ideas and inventions across Europe. The Renaissance shifted humanity’s worldview toward egocentricity and human-centeredness as opposed to the more apostolic lives they had lead previously. However, such a great shift can only take place slowly over a long period of time. Hence, […]

By the late 18th century, the French presence in India was on the decline. Once the only serious challenger to British dominance on the subcontinent, by the 1780s l’Inde Fran?§aise had been reduced to a series of demilitarized and economically neutered stations on the subcontinent’s east coast. Though all of these territories had experienced substantial […]

The 14th century was an era of catastrophes. One such catastrophe was a pandemic which threw medieval Europe into turmoil: The Black Death. In 1347, The Black Death began spreading throughout Western Europe. Over the time of four years, the plague killed one third of the population in Europe with an estimated 25 million people […]

The Catholic church and birth control, sin or not? As this topic was being researched, the main point and question in need of an answer was, how has the Catholic Church dealt with the issue of birth control since the 1960s? According to a couple articles along with actual people who attend the Catholic church […]

Abstract Communication defines our human development and within this lies our need for cultural identity. An important aspect of this identity is our religious beliefs as it defines most of our core values. The two religious cultures discussed in this paper are Catholicism and Buddhism through an analysis of their brief history, the dimensions of […]

Communication and comfortability among individuals in a community are two crucial traits that are needed in order to successfully be a contributing member of society in the first couple of centuries. Cities along with different cultures have varying beliefs and ideals but the collection of materials and information that is required to live are found […]

Print and Political Cartoons are heavily associated with the Reformation. It fueled the balance of the Protestant Cause. For the Protestants, Print was a very impactful way of opposing the Church and State power. It was used to spread ideas, beliefs, spread the word of God and build public opinion. Martin Luther was a very […]

The Crusades, starting in the Eleventh Century, were attempts by the Western Church to strip Europe of the newly developed and invading Muslims. Many Crusades had taken place over the centuries, including both a children’s and peasant’s crusade, in making an effort to keep the new religious threat at a distance. Many popes, kings, and […]

Up until the late 1900’s it seemed birth control was next to non-existent. However, birth control did seem to exist. It was just that not very many people chose to take it; Some people didn’t know about it or some did know and chose just not to speak up about it. There was a divide […]

On the surface Voltaire’s Candide is an amusing and ingenious story that demonstrates the title character’s travel as he looks for to be rejoined with his accomplice cunegonde, be that as it may when inspected assist it gets to be recognizable that Voltaire utilized this work’s reason is to saterize the institutions of the Old […]

Martin Luther was born in Eisleben in November fourteen eighty three. He was born into a wealthy family. He was a German monk who began the Protestant Reformation in the sixteenth century, and became one of the most influential and controversial figures in Christian history. Luther questioned f the basic foundations of Roman Catholicism, and […]

Birth control is a highly controversial topic as it is a major debate on the feminist field, giving way to women’s choice, such as the Slut Shaming and Pro-life v. Pro-choice movements. It is mainly argued by feminists and liberals against groups like religious conservatives, such as those of the Catholic religion. Birth control is […]

By 1500s, Christianity had immensely been developing in Europe. Therefore, Baroque religious arts played a key role in spreading the power of the Catholic Church for propagandistic purposes. Besides, the Catholic Church embraced the religious power of art to appeal piety and devotion. As a result, the role of the Pope was reinforced as the […]

SECTS, CULTS AND THE CATHOLIC CHURCH Process A person A – The Seventh Working day Adventists A sect is a spiritual group with controversial beliefs, they are teams that crack absent from a most important group/religion and variety their have established of beliefs, which vary from the teachings of their father or mother group. Sects […]

In the movie Pay back It Forward, there are several good examples of superior morals that we could and need to use each individual day in our life. Much more specifically, there are a number of themes of Catholic Social teaching shown in the course of the movie. Although all of these are considerable, the […]