Over the past several decades, the U.S. dollar has enjoyed its status as the world’s most important and dominant reserve currency. Every major government and financial institution in the world now holds significant quantities of U.S. dollars as part of their foreign exchange reserves. However, are we seeing that the dollar’s role as the world’s […]

There was a time when money did not exist. Long ago, people at a stage called “subsistence economy” produced only what they needed. Their needs were few but their methods of production were such that they spent most of their living hours in an unceasing battle for personal survival. They had no need for money. […]

Gold has been valued as a global currency, a commodity, an investment and used as jewellery for thousands of years. Most people believed that gold is safe haven asset because it hedge against inflation and dollar depreciation. Gold can store their value over the long period. For investors they bought gold as tactical assets in […]

THE FUNCTIONS OF THE DEUTSCHE BUNDESBANK 1. The bank of issue Only the Bundesbank is entitled to issue banknotes denominated in Deutsche Mark (monopoly of the issue of banknotes). These banknotes are the only legal tender for any amount in Germany. Any person to whom money is owed must accept them in unlimited amounts in […]

The issues with globalization are not new and those issues associated with trade and how to pay for the transferred goods has definitely been around for a while. Currently the International Monetary Fund (IMF) is the organization that has been tasked with stabilizing the international monetary system, which can fluctuate at any time of the […]

The Industries in Italy are very much developed and modernized. These are also one of the main sources for the GDP of Italy. Also they provide the highest employment opportunities. The main sources of finance for the industry are the subsidized loans, medium term loans. These loans are provided by the govt. as well as […]

When interest rates rise, bond prices fall; conversely, rates decline, bond prices rise. The longer the time to a bond’s maturity, the greater its interest rate risks. This risk can be reduced by diversifying the durations of the fixed-income investments that are held at a given time. Interest rate risk affects the value ofA bondsA more directly […]

Acknowledgement I would like to express my profound sense of gratitude to the Dean of International Institute of Planning and Management, Mr. Pabitra Chakravorthy, who has given me a golden opportunity to make thesis on “Five Key Factors That Moves the Forex Market” I am very thankful to Prof. Tarak Shah, Faculty guide of my […]

“FOREIGN EXCHANGE PRACTICES AND HEDGING TOOLS USED BY THE SOFTWARE INDUSTRY” This report is submitted as a part of the requirements of the MBA Program of Bangalore University. This research has been undertaken by RAJEEV SAMUEL JAYAMANOHAR Reg. No: 04VWCM6068 With the guidance and support of Prof. RATHNAKAR ACHARYA Faculty, ABA [pic] ALLIANCE BUSINESS ACADEMY […]

Foreign Exchange Currency The term foreign exchange is normally used to denote foreign currency surrendered or asked for in any of its current forms, i.e. a currency note or a negotiable instrument or transfer of funds through cable or mail transfer or a letter of credit transaction requiring sale and purchase of foreign exchange or […]

Analysis about factors affecting Australian Dollar US Dollar exchange rate (2006- Q1 2010) Project Report Final Project in Banking and Finance (FP 238) Raffles College of Higher Education I. Introduction 2. 1. Background Most of the country in the world will have export and import and they will use money to pay for it. Each […]

What is an exchange fee. Are terms like managed float, filthy float, fastened trade premiums, floating trade fee, pegged exchange amount, crawling peg the very same? Which form of trade fee regime does India observe? What is a forex crisis? In recent times the rupee is turning into weaker versus the dollar every working day, […]

No matter whether or not the present-day economic method is favored to gold regular or no matter whether or not gold regular is a resolution for money disaster is basically subjective. Prior to heading into depth dialogue on this, we must initial look at the things of economical disaster and later on see whether these […]