1 Introduction 1.1 Background In the first quarter of 2009, Itella Oyj, the company in charge of postal services within Finland, initiated a project to optimize their delivery routes in both Early Morning Delivery and Daily Mail Delivery. The main goal of this project was to make more efficient the delivery processes due to changing […]

CHAPTER 1 : INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND In today’s dynamic retail environment, customers are offered with a tremendous range of choices and their loyalty is increasingly becoming transitory due to the severe impact of competitors’ actions on existing relationships (Reinartz and Kumar, 2000). This increased competition to satisfy the diverse needs of the customer, forces the traditional […]

1. Literature Review 1.1. E-Learning 1.1.1. Overview The last 20 years, the evolution of personal computers has been rapid. Respectively, the advancements in software and hardware have been huge and inevitably, the e-learning sector was influenced as well, with several tools being developed with ever growing capabilities, from plain delivering of text, to audio/photo/video management. […]

Chapter-2 Real life data rarely comply with the necessities of various data mining tools. It is usually inconsistent and noisy. It may contain redundant attributes, unsuitable formats etc. Hence data has to be prepared vigilantly before the data mining actually starts. It is well known fact that success of a data mining algorithm is very […]

Information mining defines the nontrivial extraction of concealed, formerly not known, and theoretically helpful info from information. It is the info of extracting beneficial information and facts from large databases. Banks have numerous and vast databases. The critical company information can be extracted from these information suppliers. The key software regions of info mining in […]

“Ask those who remember, are mindful if you do not know).” (Holy Qur’an, 6:43) Removal Of Redundant Dimensions To Find Clusters In N-Dimensional Data Using Subspace Clustering Abstract The data mining has emerged as a powerful tool to extract knowledge from huge databases. Researchers have introduced several machine learning algorithms to explore the databases to […]

Towards Achieving Competitive Advantage through the Application of Business Intelligence Abstract Business Intelligence (BI) plays an important role in providing decision makers with increased ability to take advantage of all available information by making correct and accurate strategic decisions. Making this kind of decisions keeps businesses competitive. Many researches discuss the importance of implementing Business […]