Individuals don’t realize power may kill these individuals, such countless individuals die from power. Anybody as a rule takes basic wellbeing estimates while turning out to be near and working with electric force. That can diminish the dangers of injury or maybe passing by power and electrical items, there are a ton of approaches to […]

Introduction Headphones are smaller versions of loudspeakers, one that can be carried around one’s neck all day. They cover up both the ears reaching across from around the head. They are generally cushioned for comfort and this also helps in noise cancellation. Over the years, the headphones have found themselves useful in more ways than […]

Introduction Handheld wireless radios such as this Maritime VHF radio transceiver use electromagnetic waves to implement a form of wireless communications technology. Wireless operations permits services, such as long range communications, that are impossible or impractical to implement with the use of wires. The term is commonly used in the telecommunications industry to refer to […]

What is vehicle tracking system? Vehicle tracking system is to track the vehicle’s location and it’s kind of electronic device and need to install in the vehicle. There are many kind of vehicle tracking system like GPS, RFID, fleet tracking system, VTU, satellite tracking, etc. Among them, I would like to introduce the GPS vehicle […]

GPS Tracking (a) Tracking Global Positioning System (GPS) is a global satellite navigation system that used a network of satellites into orbit by the U. S. Department of Defense. GPS satellites circle the earth twice a day for a very precise orbit and transmit signal information to earth. GPS receivers for the information and use […]

The intention of this final year project is to study about the high speed wireless broadband network in Malaysia. This project consists of two major parts; which are investigating of problems of service in wireless broadband network and improvement and enhancement in wireless broadband network in Malaysia. For each part, is further divided into the […]

Improvement of Building Management System to Save Energy 1. Introduction of BMS Building Management System (BMS) is to control and monitor building services systems in an efficient way by centralizing the control of individual systems ( 1.1). The systems include HVAC, Fire Services Lift, Escalator, Lighting, Electrical Distribution, Steam & Hot Water, and Plumbing & […]

Ethernet – Gigabit & 10 Gigabit Networking & Applications Ethernet technology refers to a packaged based network that is most suitable for LAN (local area network) Environments and includes LAN products of the IEEE 802.3ae. 10 Gigabit Ethernet standards which is an up gradation on all other earlier versions, works on an optical fibre and […]

The Modern Computer Any modern computer carries out two basic tasks that are essential to their purpose – To store and process data – this may seem simple at first but only scratches the surface of what forms of data are operated on, and what those processes are. Modern computers, never simple even during their […]

Introduction Computers and computer networks have changed the way in which we live, run our lives, communicate with each other and the way we work and produce what makes every commercial organisation function and reach success within its field, and in the same time, continue on the path of that success. The computers as stand-alone […]

WIMAX TECHNOLOGY FOR TELE COMMUNICATION OVERVIEW: WiMAX (Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access) is a telecommunications protocol that provides fixed and fully mobile internet access. The current WiMAX revision provides up to 40 Mbit/s with the IEEE 802. 16m update expected offer up to 1 Gbit/s fixed speeds. The name “WiMAX” was created by the WiMAX Forum, […]

OS ASSIGNMENT-1 Q1. In a multiprogramming and time-sharing environment, several users share the system simultaneously. This situation can result in various security problems. a. What are two such problems? b. Can we ensure the same degree of security in a time-shared machine as in a dedicated machine? Explain your answer? Ans1: (a) Stealing or copying […]

Introduction Electronics is the art and science of getting electrons to move in the way we want to do useful work. An electron is a sub-atomic particle that carries a charge of energy. Each electron is so small that it can carry only a tiny bit of energy. The charge of electrons is measured in […]

Executive Summary Introduction/Background Traditionally development of microprocessor based control systems involved the following steps. The control algorithm was designed by a systems or a control engineer. The algorithm would then be coded in programming languages like assembly, C or C++ which would be implemented on a microprocessor based hardware – the controller. The problem with […]

Procedures which we are followed to success this project. Task 01 – Familiarizing with the equipments & preparing an action plan. Task 02 – Prepare the work area. Task 03 – Fixed the hardware equipments and assemble three PCs. Task 04 – Install NICs for each and every PC. Task 05 – Cabling three computers […]

Lab Exercise 2. 03: Recognizing External Connections Is it possible to plug any cable into the wrong connector? If so, which one(s)? What do you think would happen if you plugged something into the wrong connector? Answer- Yes, the mouse and keyboard connectors. If they plug into the wrong connector, the device will not work. […]

Transistor A transistor is a semiconductor device used to amplify and switch electronic signals. It is made of a solid piece of semiconductor material, with at least three terminals for connection to an external circuit. A voltage or current applied to one pair of the transistor’s terminals changes the current flowing through another pair of […]

ROBOT DESIGN Section 1 – Requirements 1.1 Introduction Robot is a kind of automatic machine, which has particularly a series of similar competences as human-being, such as sensing capability, planning capability, moving capability and so on. The word ‘Robot’ was referred by Czech writer Karel Čapek in his play R.U.R (Rossum’s Universal Robots), which was […]

Abstract: This is the globe of VLSI . Presently all most all the folks are utilizing know-how in numerous types like mobiles, i-pods, i-telephones etc. , Each and every a single enjoys technological innovation but only a number of know about VLSI structure in entire world style and design and its doing work. Coming to […]

Design Of A PV-Diesel Hybrid System And Its Comparison With Grid Connected System In Pakistan 1. Project Background And Introduction Introduction The project with respect to this thesis is to design a PV Diesel hybrid system and to compare it with already existed grid connected system. This system is designed for a Jamia Masjid (Islamic […]

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION TO SMART GRID 1.1 Introduction 1.1.1 Definition: The smart grid system is vast collection of technologies to provide an electricity network having the ability to solve the major issues related to reliability, cost effectiveness of electric power and decentralization or grid dependency The smart grid technology using renewable energy sources transferred electricity […]

INTRODUCTION 1.0 INTRODUCTION Private branch exchange system (PBXs) operates as a connection within private organizations usually a business. Because they incorporate telephones, the general term “extension” is used to refer to any end point on the branch. The PBX handles calls between these extensions. The primary advantage of PBXs was cost savings on internal phone […]

Power factor: The power factor of an AC electric power system is defined as the ratio of the real power flowing to the load to the apparent power, and is a dimensionless number between 0 and 1 (frequently expressed as a percentage, e. g. 0. 5 pf = 50% pf). Real power is the capacity […]

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Project Overview A factor of main economic importance and safety in electrical utilities and industrial customers of electricity is dependent on the operation of the power transformer. In the current economic situation, most of the supply utilities and industries tighten their control on production spending of capital and make savings in […]

Discuss the different types of Pervasive electronicsDate authored: 23 rd August, 2014. The invention of the transistor in mid twentieth century gave birth to modern day electronics. Rapid advancements in semiconductor and fabrication technologies allowed the exponential growth of electronic components especially in the last two decades. Electronics with new functionalities have started to emerge […]

Chapter 1 1.1 Introduction In today’s communications network s multimedia is a growing field. There are increasing demands on incorporating visual aspect to other modes of communications. It is therefore unable to be avoided to have situations in which the video and transmitted images being corrupted or degraded in their perceptual quality by variety of […]

In electronics, an integrated circuit (also known as IC, microcircuit, microchip, silicon chip, or chip) is a miniaturized electronic circuit (consisting mainly of semiconductor devices, as well as passive components) that has been manufactured in the surface of a thin substrate of semiconductor material. Integrated circuits are used in almost all electronic equipment in use […]