Introduction Headphones are smaller versions of loudspeakers, one that can be carried around one’s neck all day. They cover up both the ears reaching across from around the head. They are generally cushioned for comfort and this also helps in noise cancellation. Over the years, the headphones have found themselves useful in more ways than […]

It is a well known fact that tablets, phones, e-books, and other technological equipments are advancing everyday and some of the people that once preferred to read printed books now have change their desire and prefer to read online books. Whether a person prefers to read paper books or prefers to read online books depends […]

Cell Phone Fever         When I was a young child, I became separated from my parents at Costco and I did not know where they were. I cried out in a blind panic and ran through every isle until I finally found my parents. It felt like an eternity. Now, all I need to do […]

1. Introduction: Video transmission in Wireless Mesh Networks Recently there has been research interest in supporting Wireless Mesh Networks (WMN). Wireless Mesh Networks provides cheap and efficient network connectivity in a large region. There are number of significant advantages by using multipath for video communications, such as load balancing, potentially higher video bit rate and […]

CHAPTER – 1 INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY 1.1 INTRODUCTION TO THE PROBLEM This report specifies the wireless secured communication in an enterprise when there is increasing demand of ubiquitous multimedia data services, future wireless networks are expected to provide services with wider coverage area, reliable and higher data throughput with security. To acheive these goals, […]

Ad hoc network Abstract A mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is consisting of wireless mobile nodes. The communication of these mobile nodes is carried out without any centralized control. Routing is a critical issue in MANET. The focus of this thesis is on the performance of routing protocols. We compare three routing protocols in MANET […]

What is vehicle tracking system? Vehicle tracking system is to track the vehicle’s location and it’s kind of electronic device and need to install in the vehicle. There are many kind of vehicle tracking system like GPS, RFID, fleet tracking system, VTU, satellite tracking, etc. Among them, I would like to introduce the GPS vehicle […]

GPS Tracking (a) Tracking Global Positioning System (GPS) is a global satellite navigation system that used a network of satellites into orbit by the U. S. Department of Defense. GPS satellites circle the earth twice a day for a very precise orbit and transmit signal information to earth. GPS receivers for the information and use […]

The intention of this final year project is to study about the high speed wireless broadband network in Malaysia. This project consists of two major parts; which are investigating of problems of service in wireless broadband network and improvement and enhancement in wireless broadband network in Malaysia. For each part, is further divided into the […]

Improvement of Building Management System to Save Energy 1. Introduction of BMS Building Management System (BMS) is to control and monitor building services systems in an efficient way by centralizing the control of individual systems ( 1.1). The systems include HVAC, Fire Services Lift, Escalator, Lighting, Electrical Distribution, Steam & Hot Water, and Plumbing & […]

The Impact of VoIP on the Future of Telephony With the dawning of a new age of pervasive computing, there is a greater requirement for the exchange of data to be made possible between computing assets that are connected to a network. Interactions require an exchange of various multimedia formats as well as the provision […]

Ethernet – Gigabit & 10 Gigabit Networking & Applications Ethernet technology refers to a packaged based network that is most suitable for LAN (local area network) Environments and includes LAN products of the IEEE 802.3ae. 10 Gigabit Ethernet standards which is an up gradation on all other earlier versions, works on an optical fibre and […]

ABSTRACT This research demonstrates that the optimization for lower energy consumption leads to cross layer design from the two ends namely physical layer and the application layer. This optimization for quality of service requirements demands integration of multiple OSI layers (Open Systems Interconnect) Beginning from the physical layer the probability of successful radio packet delivery […]

Development of a Data Chirp Measurement Method Information and Communication Technology (ICT) In measuring data link quality for downloading and browsing services the final perceived quality by the user is determined by the session time. Measuring session times is time consuming because for each context, e.g. a small file download, a large file download or […]

Chapter 4 VoIP Security Issues 4.1 Denial-of-Service (DoS) in VoIP Purpose: The purpose of VoIP DoS attack is to exhaust network resources and interrupt VoIP operations through a flood of messages or by corrupting or degrading the quality of messages, thus preventing subscribers from effectively using the service. Situation: We must consider different scenario when […]

CHAPTER1: Introduction Most of the earth surface is composed of water including fresh water from river, lakes etc and salt water from the sea. There are still many un-explored areas for such places. This needs significant research efforts and good communication systems. Wireless sensor network in aqueous medium has the ability to explore the underwater […]

OS ASSIGNMENT-1 Q1. In a multiprogramming and time-sharing environment, several users share the system simultaneously. This situation can result in various security problems. a. What are two such problems? b. Can we ensure the same degree of security in a time-shared machine as in a dedicated machine? Explain your answer? Ans1: (a) Stealing or copying […]

JANN VINCENT PAUL C. LAGMAY BSIT-1A Open System Interconnection (OSI) The Open System Interconnection Reference Model or OSI Reference Model or OSI Model is essentially a conceptual description for layered communications and computer network protocol design. It was created as part of the Open Systems Interconnection or OSI initiative. In its most fundamental form, it […]

Dynamic Routing for Data Integrity and Delay Differentiated Services in Wireless Sensor Networks ABSTRACT: Applications running on the same Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) platform usually have different Quality of Service (QoS) requirements. Two basic requirements are low delay and high data integrity. These two requirements cannot be satisfied simultaneously. Existing system problems are being resolved […]

Introduction Electronics is the art and science of getting electrons to move in the way we want to do useful work. An electron is a sub-atomic particle that carries a charge of energy. Each electron is so small that it can carry only a tiny bit of energy. The charge of electrons is measured in […]

Procedures which we are followed to success this project. Task 01 – Familiarizing with the equipments & preparing an action plan. Task 02 – Prepare the work area. Task 03 – Fixed the hardware equipments and assemble three PCs. Task 04 – Install NICs for each and every PC. Task 05 – Cabling three computers […]

Introduction Wearable computing is the study or practice of inventing, designing, building, or using miniature body-borne computational and sensory devices. Wearable computers may be worn under, over, or in clothing, or may also be themselves clothes (i.e. “Smart Clothing” (Mann, 1996a)). Unlike a laptop or a palmtop , wearable computer is constantly turned on and […]

Lab Exercise 2. 03: Recognizing External Connections Is it possible to plug any cable into the wrong connector? If so, which one(s)? What do you think would happen if you plugged something into the wrong connector? Answer- Yes, the mouse and keyboard connectors. If they plug into the wrong connector, the device will not work. […]

Transistor A transistor is a semiconductor device used to amplify and switch electronic signals. It is made of a solid piece of semiconductor material, with at least three terminals for connection to an external circuit. A voltage or current applied to one pair of the transistor’s terminals changes the current flowing through another pair of […]

Introduction Brief History The Oman telecommunication company is the most reliable and unique telecom and multimedia service provider in Pakistan which is also known as Omantel. The world call telecommunication limited is also the Omantel’scompany. The company’s word:- “WorldCall launched its business in June 1996 with payphone operations. A fundamental shift in technology and industry, […]

SiriusXM is a satellite radio corporation with approximately 32.7 million subscribers as of 2018. They broadcast music, news, and entertainment programming, mostly ad free, via satellites and corresponding terrestrial facilities. SiriusXM currently controls almost 30% of the US radio market, with its closest competitor, iHeartMedia Inc., trailing behind with only 17.5% of the market under […]

ROBOT DESIGN Section 1 – Requirements 1.1 Introduction Robot is a kind of automatic machine, which has particularly a series of similar competences as human-being, such as sensing capability, planning capability, moving capability and so on. The word ‘Robot’ was referred by Czech writer Karel Čapek in his play R.U.R (Rossum’s Universal Robots), which was […]

Abstract: This is the globe of VLSI . Presently all most all the folks are utilizing know-how in numerous types like mobiles, i-pods, i-telephones etc. , Each and every a single enjoys technological innovation but only a number of know about VLSI structure in entire world style and design and its doing work. Coming to […]

INTRODUCTION 1.0 INTRODUCTION Private branch exchange system (PBXs) operates as a connection within private organizations usually a business. Because they incorporate telephones, the general term “extension” is used to refer to any end point on the branch. The PBX handles calls between these extensions. The primary advantage of PBXs was cost savings on internal phone […]

Power factor: The power factor of an AC electric power system is defined as the ratio of the real power flowing to the load to the apparent power, and is a dimensionless number between 0 and 1 (frequently expressed as a percentage, e. g. 0. 5 pf = 50% pf). Real power is the capacity […]

Thesis assertion The citizen band radio and smartphones perform pretty much related functions in that they all have the part of facilitating conversation. Even so, there is a big difference involving the smartphones and the central band radio. Despite there getting a change concerning the smartphones and these main band radio, there still exists some […]

Discuss the different types of Pervasive electronicsDate authored: 23 rd August, 2014. The invention of the transistor in mid twentieth century gave birth to modern day electronics. Rapid advancements in semiconductor and fabrication technologies allowed the exponential growth of electronic components especially in the last two decades. Electronics with new functionalities have started to emerge […]

Cellphone’s Evolution In this working day and age possessing a smartphone is exceptionally widespread detail that everybody about the earth share. On the other hand, this new generation don’t know that if it was not for Martin Cooper the inventor of the first mobile cellular phone, cellphones wouldn’t be where by they are now.  By […]

In electronics, an integrated circuit (also known as IC, microcircuit, microchip, silicon chip, or chip) is a miniaturized electronic circuit (consisting mainly of semiconductor devices, as well as passive components) that has been manufactured in the surface of a thin substrate of semiconductor material. Integrated circuits are used in almost all electronic equipment in use […]

Advantages & Shortcomings of Cellular Monitoring • The Motorola DynaTAC, the initially cell telephone, ushered in a revolution in wireless communication in 1973. Nowadays, mobile gadgets put together with technological progress deliver a number of added benefits, like monitoring minors and crisis-place services enhancements. The World-wide Positioning Procedure (GPS), a “constellation” of 24 U. S. […]