Mr. Cruz, a lawyer, smokes three packs of cigarette every day for the past 20 years. Now on his late fifties, he started to notice that his cough has been going on for more than three months. This has also occurred last year wherein his cough lasted for almost three months. There is sputum production and he experiences difficulty of breathing whenever he performs his daily activities.
Nurses care for patients with COPD across the spectrum of care, from outpatient to home care to emergency department, critical care, and hospice settings.
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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a condition of chronic dyspnea with expiratory airflow limitation that does not significantly fluctuate.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease has been defined by The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease as “a preventable and treatable disease with some significant extrapulmonary effects that may contribute to the severity in individual patients.”
This updated definition is a broad description of COPD and its signs and symptoms.
There are two classifications of COPD: chronic bronchitis and emphysema. These two types of COPD can be sometimes confusing because there are patients who have overlapping signs and symptoms of these two distinct disease processes
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