diagnosis and treatment of Asthma.Asthma is a chronic lung condition where increased mucus, inflammation and muscle tightening cause the lung airways to narrow and hence make breathing difficult. It can also make some physical activities problematic or even impossible.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma are mostly mistaken for one another.
They appear to have the same symptoms of coughing, wheezing and difficulty in breathing but the two are quite not similar.
COPD is a term used to categorize a group of progressive respiratory diseases that include chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
These diseases cause condensed airflow due to inflammation in the airways. The conditions can get to worse with time.
Asthma takes place at any age more so in childhood but COPD is mostly found in people who are at least at the age of 45 during diagnosis time.
Over 40% trusted source of people with COPD has asthma and the threat of having both increases with age.
It is yet not known what really causes asthma apart from inheritance but asthma is often caused by triggers like smell or physical activity. These causes can lead to breathing problems and even making them to get worse.
COPD is mostly caused by smoking and it’s a fact that smoking accounts to 9 out of 10 COPD –related deaths trusted source. The aim of treating both asthma and COPD is to reduce symptoms so you can carry on with life actively.
The cause of asthma is not well known but it can be inherited in a way. Every person’s lungs re sensitive to various things like air pollution or chemicals and thus people with asthma have lungs that are more sensitive than average.
Processes that cause asthma:
Asthma can as well be caused by allergies. It may be caused by some substances that mainly irritate your lungs. These causes are small protein particles known as allergens. Some individuals are sensitive to more than one cause. These allergies include:
Some people can acquire asthma through something they swallow instead of breathing. Examples are:
Nuts or shrimp
Preservatives found in some drinks or foods.
A number of people acquire asthma while young but grownups can become asthmatic through exposure to allergens, irritants or industrial sensitizers for a long period of time. People who deal with the products below are at a very great risk.
There are also non-allergic irritants that can also cause asthma
Symptoms of asthma
In some children, an itch at the back of the neck is felt before asthma attack. Other people have some cautionary signs that they can learn to identify. These signs include:
Gloomy circles under the eyes
Exhaustion or short temperedness
Change in face color
Asthma varies because there are people that experience asthma symptoms all through but there are those that experience these symptoms only if exposed to causes.
Characteristics of asthma symptoms
First aid for asthma treatment
If you suspect that someone you know has an asthma attack, make them sit upright and help them to use their life saving inhaler by taking in three to six puffs of medication should help relieve their symptoms.
If the symptoms continues for more than half 20- 30 minutes, do not repeat the first medication and instead seek emergency medical attention. In case you need to use quick-relief medications more often, you should request your doctor about a different type of long-term asthma control.
There is no known cure for asthma. Asthma is a chronic condition that can last for long. The main objective of treating asthma is to keep you free from symptoms and this includes being able to participate in in normal activities, eliminating day time and night time symptoms and doing away with absenteeism due to asthma. This target can be met by most people with asthma.
Staying away from causes of asthma is the foremost protection against asthma .Below is a few asthma causes and their prevention.
Even though it is important to manage asthma, it is nearly impossible to do away with them entirely. So medications are mostly required in prevention and treatment of asthma symptoms.
The commonly known asthma prevention medications called corticosteroids which are inhaled by using a puffer or inhaler. They are intended to reduce the swelling in your airways. It can take a week or two for these medications to get the inflammation under control. They do not relieve asthma symptoms immediately but will help curb future symptoms. They control inflammation which is the most cause of asthma.
In case the corticosteroids do not work in controlling the symptoms, your physician may advise you to use a long-acting defibrillator joined with your corticosteroid in a single combined inhaler.
Leukotriene receptor antagonists can be used to help some people control asthma. The treatment works by hindering a chemical from causing inflammation in the lung airways. If your asthma is caused by allergies and the symptoms have not been controlled by the use of corticosteroids your doctor may recommend allergy an inject-able medication known as omalizumab.
In most cases, asthmatic individuals with signs and symptoms of asthma require treatment that offers quick relief. Defibrillators are effective and work faster to make the muscles around the airways to relax and make breathing easier for you. These medications only relieve the symptom but not the main cause. When you use relievers continuously for more than five times a week, you should consult your doctor for some changes in your medications. Preventing asthma can be challenging but there is much that can be done to eliminate or reduce symptoms of asthma.
If you have been prescribed on some medication, make sure you follow the instructions carefully and once you use accordingly, it should regulate the swelling in your airways and decrease your symptoms for asthma for a long time.
Asthma medications are usually inhaled and they need a lot of skill for you to use it with ease. These asthma inhalers have to be used well for them to get the desired amount of medication into your lungs.
For you to have the knowledge of using inhalers effectively there can be practice to be done. You can always inquire from your doctor if you are using your inhaler in the right way. If at first you were using a metered-dose inhaler that is a pressurized inhaler, your physician may suggest a spacer device that fits your inhaler to make sure that most of your medication is reaching your lungs. Spacers are also used in easing side effects of inhaled corticosteroids and these spacers are also not needed in dry-powdered devices that are not compelled.
Your doctor can also propose that you may use a peak flow meter as part of your treatment which helps you to know how your lungs are functioning and it indicates how your asthma is controlled. The peak flow meter will also help in observing how your medications are behaving, have an idea of the day you need to change your medications as suggested by your doctor and also know when to get medical attention. To observe your asthma control, you can have a diary of your asthma symptoms.
For now, there is no known cure for asthma and so there are a variety of effective treatments that can help in reducing asthma symptoms. Change in lifestyle can as well help in improving your quality of life. If you have not been diagnosed with asthma and you are having symptoms like coughing, wheezing or you are falling short of breath; you should alert your doctor.
Immediately you have been diagnosed with asthma, you should schedule yourself to visiting your doctor at least once or as frequent as possible if you are experiencing continuous symptoms even after treatment. You should ring your doctor once you:
Call your doctor immediately if you:
It is good for you to educate yourself about your condition and its symptoms .The more you familiarize yourself on them; the more active you can be in improving your lung functions and also how you feel.