Hospital Diets for Select Disease Conditions

One of the responsibilities of a nurse is to inform and implement a diet for patients. Restrictions in food selection, increasing intake of liquids, or even reinforcing NPO status are ultimately helpful to the patient’s prognosis and overall care.

Here’s a simple list to help nurses determine what is the recommended hospital diet and food intake or restrictions to each disease/condition:

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Chemicals at Play Nurses Need to Know|Hospital Diets

Disorder/Condition Recommended Diet
Acid and Alkali Ingestion NPO
Acute Cholecystitis NPO to rest the gallbladder
Acute Intestinal Obstruction NPO
Acute renal disease Low Protein, high-calorie, fluid-controlled, sodium-controlled, potassium-controlled
Chronic renal disease Low Protein, low-sodium, fluid-restricted, potassium-restricted, phosphorous restricted
Cirrhosis with hepatic insufficiency or encephalopathy Low Protein, sodium-restricted, fluid-restricted
Constipation High-fiber and increased fluids
COPD Soft, high-calorie, low-CHON, high-fat, small frequent feedings
Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Avoid dark colored foods
Diabetes Insipidus Low sodium
Diabetes Mellitus Diabetic Diet (Well-balanced diet)
Diarrhea Liquid, low-fiber, regular, fluid and electrolyte replacement
Gallbladder diseases Low-fat, calorie-restricted, high-protein
Gastritis Low-fiber, bland diet
Gouty Arthritis and Hyperuricemia Low purine diet
Hepatitis Regular, high-calorie, high-protein
Hyperlipidemias Fat-controlled, calorie restricted
Hypertension, heart failure, coronary artery diseases Low-sodium, calorie restricted, fat-controlled
Kidney stones Increased fluid intake
MAO-I Therapy Tyramine restricted (preserved foods)
Nephrotic syndrome Sodium-restricted, high-calorie, high-protein, potassium-restricted
Obesity Calorie-restricted, high-fiber
Osteoporosis Increase in calcium
Pancreatitis Low-fat, regular, small, frequent feedings; tube feedings or total parenteral nutrition
Peptic ulcer Bland
Peritonitis NPO
Pregnancy and Hypertension Low salt, high calcium diet
Stroke Mechanical soft, regular or tube feeding
Stroke NPO
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Low salt diet
Underweight High calorie- high protein
Vomiting Replacement of fluid and electrolytes
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