UL The Differences Between Class & Status for Weber & Its Relevance to China Essay

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What for Weber is the distinction between class and status and how useful is this for the sociological study of class?

This is a 3,000 word essay.

1. The title of the essay is:

The distinction between class and status for Weber and its relevance to China

2. The following aspects need to be included:

“Class” at the economic level

“Status” at the cultural level

The distinction between class and status

Relevance to current China:

Current research is focused less and less on the distinction between class and status, which might lead to some disparities and, in the case of China, social development challenges; thus, efforts to balance stratification necessitate a differentiation between status and class.

In China, the contrast between class and status is important. China, being the world’s largest manufacturer, requires a significant number of “blue-collar” employees in handicrafts, manufacturing, and other industries to support its economic progress. However, the number of white-collar workers, such as firm employees and non-manual workers, has increased in recent years, resulting in a decrease in the number of blue-collar workers, which has affected the economy. In terms of class, blue-collar workers earn more than white-collar workers and possess specific skills that make them have a higher class than white-collar workers. However, blue-collar employees have significantly less prestige than white-collar ones, so many Chinese choose to be white-collar rather than blue-collar. This discrepancy has led to economic regression, and China is now addressing it by instituting a ‘double reduction’ strategy, which involves lowering the number of taught colleges in favour of professional skills schools, to solve this inequality in terms of prestige.

Reference

Chan, T.W. and Goldthorpe, J.H., 2004. Is there a status order in contemporary British society? Evidence from the occupational structure of friendship. European sociological review, 20(5), pp.383-401.

Chan, T.W. and Goldthorpe, J.H., 2007. Class and status: The conceptual distinction and its empirical relevance. American sociological review, 72(4), pp.512-532.

Paalgard Flemmen, M., Jarness, V. & Rosenlund, L. 2019, “Class and status: on the misconstrual of the conceptual distinction and a neo‐Bourdieusian alternative”, The British journal of sociology, vol. 70, no. 3, pp. 816-866.

Schulz, C.-A. (2019) ‘Hierarchy salience and social action: disentangling class, status, and authority in world politics’, International Relations, 33(1), pp. 88–108. doi: 10.1177/0047117818803434.

Sørensen, A., 2019. The basic concepts of stratification research: class, status, and power. In Social stratification (pp. 287-300). Routledge.

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